Math Pythagorean theorem Altitude-on-hypotenuse theorem

# Altitude-on-hypotenuse theorem

If you put the altitude on the hypotenuse, it divides a triangle into two individual triangles, which are each right-angled. With the help of the Pythagorean theorem, further properties are derived. That is why it is called Altitude-on-hypotenuse theorem.

A square of cathetus of a right triangle is the same size as the rectangle of hypotenuse and the adjacent hypotenuse section.

i

### Method

1. Find the right angle
2. Drag the height through the right angle and divide the hypotenuse into 2 sections
3. Change the formula appropriately, so that the side, you are looking for, is alone
4. If a cathetus is being searched: Pull the square root ($\sqrt{}$) from the result

### Example In the triangle ABC with $\gamma=90^\circ$ the altitude-on-hypotenuse theorem is:

$p\cdot c=a^2$

• $a^2=p\cdot c$ $\Leftrightarrow$ $a=\sqrt{p\cdot c}$

• $p=\frac{a^2}{c}$

• $c=\frac{a^2}{p}$
such as

$q\cdot c=b^2$

• $b^2=q\cdot c$ $\Leftrightarrow$ $b=\sqrt{q\cdot c}$

• $q=\frac{b^2}{c}$

• $c=\frac{b^2}{q}$